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Arthritis is an umbrella term which encompasses inflammatory diseases which afflicts the musculoskeletal system. Conditions which affect one or more joints include osteoarthritis, the most widespread form of arthritis.
Words ending with -itis signifies an inflammatory disease or disorder. Localized conditions which affect soft tissues around the joint include tendonitis, bursitis, and myofascitis. Inflammation of the hip joint (greater trochanteric bursitis) is a frequent cause of hip pain and is often missed due to focusing on the spine.
Roughly 20 million Americans have this form of arthritis; it can affect any joint, such as those found in the spine. Osteoarthritis can result from overuse of particular joints and is particularly common in the knees. The cartilage which covers the ends of bones starts to deteriorate, this causes bone to rub against bone, and it hurts. A lot. Symptoms also include stiffness and weakness in the arms or legs. Heat treatment, exercise, and sleeping on a firm mattress can all relieve some of the pain.
In this kind of arthritis, joints found in the spine and the sacroiliac joint becomes inflamed and as a result stiffens. The first symptoms are usually lower back and buttock pain. In its most severe form, the vertebrae completely fuse, producing a permanent bent-over position. However this is rare and most people, have a milder form of the disease. Ankylosing Spondylitis affects about 1 percent of the population has it and is more prominent in men than women.
The term Ankylosing spondylitis hails from Greek, Anklos means bent and spondylos means vertebra. It is common for suffers to feel worse upon waking or after a resting period. Treatments include medications for pain and inflammation; hot baths or showers and exercise are also helpful.