Table of Contents
This is an irregular curve of the spine to the side. The vertebrae are also often rotated. The disease has been shown to have a genetic link. In the majority of cases, however, the cause of scoliosis is unknown (idiopathic). It is more prominent in females than males. It is usually first shown in adolescence.
Scoliosis usually doesn’t cause back pain all by itself. If pain is present, it’s normally due to a disc or joint issue caused by the abnormal curve. Equally, deteriorating vertebral discs and joints can cause scoliosis. This type of scoliosis, termed degenerative scoliosis, strikes later in adult life.
Treatment for scoliosis differs due the fact that levels of abnormal curvature can vary enormously. For the majority of people, the abnormality is minor, but it’s advised to have annual check-ups to check if the curve is increasing. Treatments for scoliosis include bracing, physical therapy, and exercise. If the curve is severe enough to impact on lung function, balance, or nerve function, spinal fusion is required.