There are a great number of people suffering from mid back spasms. The treatment of them vary depending on the cause and if you are unsure the best course of action is to visit a doctor. In this article we will break down middle back spasms and cramps to help you determine the cause.
Before we discuss the cause of middle back spasms its import to understand what a spasm is…
What is a Back Spasm?
A back muscle spasm is defined medically as; the fast and involuntary contraction of the muscles located in the back area. This can lead to pain which can last for minutes and will slowly fade. Although this condition may not be detrimental to health, back spasms can be associated with other underlying muscular conditions and, even worse, neurological disorders.
Understanding Mid Back Cramps and Spasms
Spasms, also known as cramps essentially refer to the same thing – abnormal activity of the muscles which causes an abrupt, painful contraction. In the majority of cases, back spasms are accompanied by muscle stiffness even at a relaxed state and very slow relaxation of muscles. Fasciculation is the medical term used by professionals to refer to spasms.
What Causes an Abnormal Contraction?
The abnormal contraction experienced in muscle spasms is attributed to the abnormal central nervous activity. Basically, the mechanisms in the central nervous system, specifically in the brain, aid in regulating muscle contraction. When these mechanisms are distorted, spasms happen.
Causes for Middle Back Spasms
In cases of middle back spasms, a common cause is that the muscle membrane has become too sensitive, leading to muscle contraction without a stimulus. In these instances, the calcium ions may not recover fast enough, meaning that the neurone still thinks there is a stimulus and this therefore leads to lengthened contractions.
Hence, distorted brain mechanisms and motor neurons caused by nerve damage may result in these spasms. Some of the conditions related to this include:
What Are The Other Causes?
Apart from the conditions mentioned above, there are still a lot of conditions that can be associated with muscle back spasms in the mid back. So, it is best to know the possible causes of muscle spasms which are the following:
- Strenuous activities– Over-exercising can lead to spasms due to the fact the muscle relaxation requires energy which is used to regain the calcium that functions to unlink myosin and actin. If a person exercises or performs strenuous activities for extended periods, neglecting fatigue and pain sensations, then it can lead to extreme loss of energy. Thus, the muscles will also lose its ability to relax, resulting to middle back spasms.
- Electrolyte imbalance and dehydration– In essence, loss of essential electrolytes such as potassium, sodium and calcium due to conditions such as vomiting, diarrhea and profuse exercise can distort the normal levels of fluids and electrolytes in the nerves and muscles. When this happens, the muscles will have a tough time recovering, which then leads to spasms.
- Inflamed organs– Inflammation of the gallbladder which may be due to gall stones can also be another cause of middle back cramps. This condition will cause pain from the middle back that can radiate up the right side of the back.
These are the basic truths that you need to know about middle back spasms so as soon as symptoms are felt it is always best to consult a doctor for appropriate recommendation or medical treatment.